State Regulation List: Baiting & Feeding

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State Regulations List: Feeding & Baiting Deer

This list contains excerpts from published state regulation guides on feeding and/or baiting deer. Often we include our interpretation of whether mineral supplements, such as Lucky Buck Mineral, are legal during the spring and summer growing seasons. It is your responsibility to check with your state government for an up-to-date interpretation. This information was last collected and updated on 10-03-2014.

1

Alabama

State Regulations List: Feeding & Baiting Deer | Alabama

It is illegal to "hunt any area where baiting/feeding has occurred until 10 days after all bait/feed has been removed or consumed."(pg 44) If hunting private land--"any bait or feed located beyond 100 yards and not within the line of site of the hunter, is not a lure or attractant..."(pg 20)
Source
Phone: 602-942-3000

2

Arizona

State Regulations List: Feeding & Baiting Deer | Arizona

"Using edible or ingestible substances, other than water or salt based products produced for the livestock industry, to aid in the taking of big game is unlawful." (pg 106)
Source
Phone: 602-942-3000

3

Arkansas

State Regulations List: Feeding & Baiting Deer | Arkansas

Baiting is the direct or indirect placing, exposing, depositing, distributing or scattering of salt, grain or other feed that could serve to lure or attract wildlife to, on or over an area where hunters are attempting to take them. An area is considered baited for 10 days following complete removal of bait.

  • Hunters may bait deer on private land.
  • Baiting is not allowed on wildlife management areas.

Source
Phone: 800-440-1477

4

Colorado

State Regulations List: Feeding & Baiting Deer | Colorado

...the use of baits and other aids in hunting or taking big game... is prohibited. (pg 10)
"Baiting" means the placing, exposing, depositing, distributing, or scattering of any salt, mineral, grain, or other feed so as to constitute a lure, attraction or enticement for wildlife. (pg 1)
Source
Phone: 303-297-1192

5

Connecticut

State Regulations List: Feeding & Baiting Deer | Connecticut

Legal to feed deer out of hunting season. Legal to use Lucky Buck Mineral Supplement during hunting season only on private land in zones 11 and 12. Any bait designed for consumption is illegal in zones 1 to 10 and on all public land. Scent attractants are legal.
Source
Phone: 860-424-3000

6

Delaware

State Regulations List: Feeding & Baiting Deer | Delaware

Legal to feed deer. Legal to bait deer on private land only.
Source
Phone: 302-739-9912

7

Florida

State Regulations List: Feeding & Baiting Deer | Florida

"Taking game on lands...upon which corn, wheat, grain, food or other substances have been deposited by means other than normal agricultural harvesting or planting is prohibited, except--Resident game may be hunted in proximity of year-round game-feeding stations on private lands, provided the feeding station has been maintained with feed for at least six months prior to taking resident game." (pg 21)
Source
Phone: 850-488-4676 or 386-758-0525

8

Georgia

State Regulations List: Feeding & Baiting Deer | Georgia

Legal to place feed or mineral for deer on private property only in Southern Deer Zone (with written permission from land owner). Not legal to hunt within sight or within 200 yards of deer bait in Northern Zone. Must be removed 10 days prior to hunting. (pg 32)
Source
Phone: 912-685-2145

9

Idaho

State Regulations List: Feeding & Baiting Deer | Idaho

"Hunt any game animal by means of baiting with the exception of applicable rules for the black bear baiting permit... Bait is defined as any
substance placed to attract game animals, except liquid
scent for deer and elk." (pg 98)
Source
Phone: 208-334-3700

10

Illinois

State Regulations List: Feeding & Baiting Deer | Illinois

"It is illegal to use salt, corn or any other kind of bait. An area is considered as
baited during the presence of and for 10 consecutive days following the
removal of bait. NOTE: Feeding deer is also illegal, although there are
certain exemptions such as food plots. Consult the hunting digest for more
complete information."
Source
Hunting Digest
Late Winter/CWD Map
Phone: 217-782-6431

11

Indiana

State Regulations List: Feeding & Baiting Deer | Indiana

"It is illegal to use bait, salt... to take deer. Bait is considered any product that is transported into a hunting area and placed there for animal consumption. Baits can be in the form of salt, mineral blocks, prepared solid or liquid, or piles of apples or other food that is intended for the animal to eat. An area is considered to be baited for 10 days after the removal of the bait and any affected soil." (pg 24)
Source
Phone: 317-232-4080

12

Iowa

State Regulations List: Feeding & Baiting Deer | Iowa

Not legal to bait deer. "Bait means grain, fruit, vegetables, nuts, hay, salt, mineral blocks, or any other natural food materials, commercial products containing natural food materials, or by-products of such materials transported to or placed in an area for the purpose of attracting wildlife. Bait does not include food placed during normal agricultural activities." (pg 22)
Interpretation: Use of mineral supplements during the growing season does not appear to be restricted.
Source
Phone: 515-281-5918

13

Kansas

State Regulations List: Feeding & Baiting Deer | Kansas

"No person shall place, deposit, expose, or scatter bait while hunting or preparing to hunt on department lands or place, deposit, expose, or scatter bait in a manner that causes another person to be in violation of this regulation. Hunting shall be prohibited within 100 yards of any bait placed, deposited, exposed, or scattered on department lands. Bait shall be considered placed, deposited, exposed, or scattered on department lands for 10 days following complete removal of the bait." (pg 51)
Interpretation: Use of mineral supplements during the spring and summer growing season appears to be aloud with the exception of public lands.
Source
Phone: 785-296-2281

14

Kentucky

State Regulations List: Feeding & Baiting Deer | Kentucky

"Baiting is prohibited on all WMAs, Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area, Daniel Boone National Forest, Jefferson National Forest, Land Between the Lakes and state parks open to hunting."
Interpretation: Baiting is aloud on private lands. More importantly the use of mineral supplements such as Lucky Buck are legal to use during the growing season on public land only and all year on private land.
Source
Phone: 800-858-1549

15

Louisiana

State Regulations List: Feeding & Baiting Deer | Louisiana

"Baiting or hunting over bait is prohibited on all WMAs. Bait is defined as any substance used to attract game via ingestion." (pg 59)
Interpretation: Use of mineral supplements during the growing season does not appear to be restricted except during hunting seasons on public lands only.
Source
Phone: 318-371-3049

16

Maine

State Regulations List: Feeding & Baiting Deer | Maine

"Baiting deer by placing salt or any other bait or food to entice deer or hunting from an observation stand or blind overlooking salt, grain, fruit, nuts, or other foods known to be attractive to deer, during any open hunting season on deer is prohibited." (pg 19)
Source
Phone: 207-287-8000

17

Maryland

State Regulations List: Feeding & Baiting Deer | Maryland

"Baiting deer is legal, except on State-owned or State-controlled properties, or areas where it is specifically prohibited due to Chronic Wasting Disease..."
There is a CWD Management Area defined as "that section of Allegany County with the Private Land Code number of 233."
Source
Phone: 410-260-8367

18

Massachusetts

State Regulations List: Feeding & Baiting Deer | Massachusetts

"Baiting... deer during or within 10 days of the start of the season" is prohibited. (pg 30)
Source
Phone: 508-389-6326

19

Michigan

State Regulations List: Feeding & Baiting Deer | Michigan

Bait: Grains, minerals, salt, fruits, vegetables, hay,
or other food materials, which may lure, entice, or attract deer as an aid in hunting.
Baiting illegal in Alpena, Alcona, Montmorency, and Oscoda counties.
• Baiting may occur only from 09/15 - 01/01.
• Cannot exceed 2 gallons.
• Bait dispersal must be over a min. 10' by 10' area.
• Must be scattered directly on the ground.
Feed: Grain, mineral, salt, fruit, vegetable, hay, or
other food material, that may attract deer for any reason other than hunting.
Feeding of any kind is illegal in DMU 487.
• Volume at residence cannot exceed 2 gallons.
• Feed no more than 100 yards from a residence on land owned or
possessed.
• Must be scattered on the ground.
• Must be 100 yards from any area accessible to cattle, goats, sheep,
new world camelids, bison, swine, horses or captive cervidae. (pg 61)
Source
Phone: 517-373-2329

20

Minnesota

State Regulations List: Feeding & Baiting Deer | Minnesota

Legal to feed deer. Bait must be completely removed 10 days prior to hunting. Lucky Buck Mineral IS CONSIDERED BAIT because it contains an apple flavoring. However it appears to be legal during the growing season outside of hunting.
NEW: "Permit area 602, the former chronic wasting disease (CWD) management
area in southeastern Minnesota, has been dissolved as a result of three
consecutive years of testing without a sample testing positive for CWD.
Management has reverted to former permit areas 341 and 343." (pg 65)
Source
Phone: 888-646-6367

21

Mississippi

State Regulations List: Feeding & Baiting Deer | Mississippi

Lawful to feed wild animals year round on private lands subject to the following:
1. Feed only from above ground covered or stationary spin cast feeders.
2. Any feed product may be used.
3. Feed no closer than 100 yards from outermost boundary of an area of sole ownership or exclusive hunting rights.
4. Feed not to be placed directly on ground.
5. Salt/mineral stations, blocks, or licks containing no grain products may be established.
6. From 2/15 – 9/30 milo, grain sorghum, and/or wheat may be evenly broadcast not to exceed 50 lbs per acre.
DURING HUNTING SEASON:
1. From opening day of deer archery season to close of spring turkey season, hunters must be 100 yards away from and not within line of sight of feed.
2. Within line of sight: hidden from view by natural vegetation or naturally occurring terrain features.
3. Feeding sites may not be hunted for 10 days following complete removal of all feed." (pg 40)
Source
Phone: 601-432-2400

22

Missouri

State Regulations List: Feeding & Baiting Deer | Missouri

Use of bait (grain or other feed placed or scattered so as to attract deer) while hunting is illegal.
Area considered baited for 10 days after complete removal of bait.
Illegal to place bait in a way that causes others to be in violation of the baiting rule.
Doe urine and other scents may be used to attract deer while hunting, as long as the scents are not used on or with grain and other food products.
Mineral blocks, including salt, are not considered bait unless it contains grain or other food additives.
It is legal to hunt over a harvested crop field, but it is not legal to add grain or other crops, such as apples, to the field after it has been harvested.
Additional rules apply in the Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) Containment Zone. See Page 50.

Source
Phone: 573-751-4115

23

Montana

State Regulations List: Feeding & Baiting Deer | Montana

It is illegal for anyone to hunt or attempt to hunt by the aid of or with the use of any bait, salt lick, trap, snare or set gun. Baiting shall mean the placing, exposing, depositing, distributing, or scattering of food
sources or salt so as to constitute a lure or attraction.
Motion-Tracking and/or Camera Devices
It is illegal for a person to possess or use in the field any electronic or camera device whose purpose is to scout the location of game animals or relay the information on a game animal’s location or movement during any Commission-adopted hunting season. (pg 13)
Source
Phone: 406-444-2452

24

Nebraska

State Regulations List: Feeding & Baiting Deer | Nebraska

It is unlawful to take deer within 200 yards of a site upon which feed, feed or mineral supplement, or bait has been placed within the previous 60 days, except for an active domestic livestock operation. This does not apply to planted food plots.
Source
Phone: 402-471-5442

25

Nevada

State Regulations List: Feeding & Baiting Deer | Nevada

"A person shall not:
(a) Bait big game mammals for the purpose of hunting; or
(b) Knowingly hunt big game mammals that were baited by another person.
For the purposes of this section, “bait” means the intentional placing, exposing, depositing, distributing or scattering of salt, minerals, grain or any other food material, whether natural or manufactured, that could attract, entice or lure wildlife to an area for the purpose of hunting. The term does not include:
(a) Any incidental attracting or feeding of wildlife associated with any accepted agricultural or livestock practice; or
(b) Planting crops and leaving those crops standing as food plots for wildlife." (NAC 503.149)
Source
Phone: 775-688-1500

26

New Hampshire

State Regulations List: Feeding & Baiting Deer | New Hampshire

Not legal to feed or bait deer from April 15th - Aug 31. Baiting on private property must include written permission from landowner. Legal to bait deer after Sept. 1st with anything but 100% salt, but you must have a permit if you do not own the land. You also must post a sign over bait, even if you are the property owner, identifying the bait and any hunters who have permission to hunt that bait site. This creates a problem if you want to feed Lucky Buck for improved antler growth in the spring and summer.
Source See Part Fis 307
Phone: 603-271-3127

27

New Jersey

State Regulations List: Feeding & Baiting Deer | New Jersey

Baiting is allowed for deer hunting. Hunters may hunt for deer while in a tree, on the ground or in a structure and from any height and any distance from the bait pile. Hunters should check with the landowner or administrative agency before placing bait on their hunting area as baiting is not allowed on properties such as national wildlife refuges (or in the Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area). (pg 32)
Source
Phone: 609-259-2120

28

New Mexico

State Regulations List: Feeding & Baiting Deer | New Mexico

Take or attempt to take game species by the aid of baiting or scenting. Knowingly take or attempt to take game species in a baited or scented area, except quail on private land. Individuals may use scent-masking agents on their person, but these agents may not be used to attract game species.
Source
Phone: 1-888-248-6866

29

New York

State Regulations List: Feeding & Baiting Deer | New York

Not legal to feed deer or bait deer.
Source
Phone: 518-402-8883

30

North Carolina

State Regulations List: Feeding & Baiting Deer | North Carolina

While many processed food products are illegal to feed or bait deer with, any "commercially available mineral supplements specifically and exclusively marketed for attracting and feeding deer is allowed anywhere in the state except game lands." This means you can lawfully use Lucky Buck Mineral to improve the health of your North Carolina deer herd. (pg 55)
Source
Phone: 919-707-0030

31

North Dakota

State Regulations List: Feeding & Baiting Deer | North Dakota

It shall be unlawful for an individual to hunt big game over bait in deer hunting units 3C west of the Missouri River, 3E1, 3E2, 3F1 and 3F2. Hunting big game over bait on Department wildlife management areas is prohibited. Hunting over bait is defined as the placement and/or use of bait(s) for attracting big game and other wildlife to a specific location for the purpose of hunting. Baits include but are not limited to grains, minerals, salts, fruits, vegetables, hay or any other natural or manufactured foods. The designation does not apply to the use of scents and lures, water, food plots, standing crops or livestock feeds used in standard practices. Hunting over bait is also not allowed on all U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service national wildlife refuges and waterfowl production areas; U.S. Forest Service national grasslands; and all North Dakota state school, state park and state forest service lands.
Source
Phone: 701-328-6300

32

Ohio

State Regulations List: Feeding & Baiting Deer | Ohio

Legal to feed deer or bait deer on private land only. Use of mineral supplements during the growing season does not appear to be restricted.
Source
Phone: 614-265-6300

33

Oklahoma

State Regulations List: Feeding & Baiting Deer | Oklahoma

"It shall be unlawful to place and/or hunt over bait on lands owned or managed by the Department of Wildlife Conservation. “Bait” shall mean the placing, exposing, depositing, distributing or scattering of shelled, shucked or unshucked corn, wheat or other grain or other feed." (pg 41)
Interpretation: Mineral supplements are legal to use year round on public or private land as long as it doesn't contain grain products.
Source
Phone: 405-521-3852

34

Oregon

State Regulations List: Feeding & Baiting Deer | Oregon

The use of bait is prohibited in the North Bank Management Habitat Area. This includes salt and minerals.
Interpretation: It appears that the use of mineral supplements during the growing season is aloud with the exception of the NBMH area.
Source
Phone: 503-947-6301

35

Pennsylvania

State Regulations List: Feeding & Baiting Deer | Pennsylvania

"Except in the southeast Special Regulations Areas, it is unlawful to hunt in or around any area where artificial or natural bait, food, hay, grain, fruit, nuts, salt, chemicals or minerals, including their residues, are used, or have been used within the past 30 days, as an enticement to lure game or wildlife regardless of the type or quantity. Hunters are responsible for ensuring that the hunting area has not been baited before they begin hunting. They should physically inspect the area and question landowners, guides and caretakers. This section does not pertain to hunting near areas where accepted farming or habitat management practices are taking place (example: hunting near food plots on game lands is legal)." (pg 18) See page 53 for baiting permit information in the southeast Special Regulations Areas.
Source
Phone: 717-783-6527

36

Rhode Island

State Regulations List: Feeding & Baiting Deer | Rhode Island

"Feeding and baiting wildlife in the state of Rhode Island is not permitted at any time for any purposes..." (pg 40)
Source
Phone: 401-789-0281

37

South Carolina

State Regulations List: Feeding & Baiting Deer | South Carolina

"Baiting or hunting deer over bait is not prohibited on private lands statewide." (pg 56)
"On all WMA lands, baiting or hunting over a baited area is prohibited. As used in this section, “bait” or “baiting” means the placing, depositing, exposing, distributing, or scattering of shelled, shucked, or unshucked corn, wheat, or other grain or other food stuffs to constitute an attraction, lure, or enticement to, on, or over any area. “Baited area” means an area where bait is directly or indirectly placed, deposited, exposed, distributed, or scattered and the area remains a baited area for ten (10) days following the complete removal of all bait. Salt/minerals are not considered bait." (pg 68)
Source
Phone: 803-734-4002

38

South Dakota

State Regulations List: Feeding & Baiting Deer | South Dakota

"No one may establish, utilize, or maintain a bait station from August 15 to February 1, inclusive, to attract any big game animal. A bait station is a location where grains, fruits, vegetables, nuts, hay, minerals (including salt), or any other natural food materials, commercial products containing natural food materials, or by-products of such materials are placed or maintained as an attractant to big game animals for the purpose of hunting. The use of scents alone does not constitute a bait station... Individuals are exempt from the bait station requirements while participating in depredation management activities directed by GFP." (pg 1)

Baiting or feeding on public land is prohibited.

Source
Phone: N/A

39

Tennessee

State Regulations List: Feeding & Baiting Deer | Tennessee

"No person shall make use of bait to take wildlife unless the bait has been removed and any electronic feeder disabled at least 10 days prior to hunting." (pg 14)
"The placement or depositing of any type of food to feed or attract wildlife on WMAs is prohibited." (pg 38)
Interpretation: It appears that the use of mineral supplements is acceptable throughout the growing season on private land only.
Source
Phone: 615-781-6580

40

Texas

State Regulations List: Feeding & Baiting Deer | Texas

"Bait: Minerals, vegetative material, or any other food substance placed to lure any wildlife resource.Legal to feed or bait deer on private property with land owners permission." (Definitions)
"Baiting for game animals, nongame animals, and game birds is lawful on private property, except for turkey in certain East Texas counties and migratory game birds statewide." (Means & Methods)
Source
Phone: 512-389-4505

41

Utah

State Regulations List: Feeding & Baiting Deer | Utah

There is no information on feeding or baiting deer in this years regulations.
Interpretation: It appears to be legal to use mineral supplements year round.
Source
Phone: 801-538-4889

42

Vermont

State Regulations List: Feeding & Baiting Deer | Vermont

"It is illegal to hunt or take any deer using bait during any deer hunting season, except that trappers may use bait in taking furbearers. BAIT is defined as any animal, vegetable, fruit or mineral matter placed with the intention of attracting wildlife. Natural and artificial scents and lures, provided they are not designed to be consumed by eating or licking, or any scent placed on clothing, for the purposes of providing cover scent, shall not be considered bait." (pg 5)

"It is illegal to feed wild deer at any time" (pg 5)
Source
Phone: 802-583-7186

43

Virginia

State Regulations List: Feeding & Baiting Deer | Virginia

...Illegal to place or distribute food, salt, or minerals to feed or attract deer or elk:
• from September 1 through January 3 statewide.
• year-round in Buchanan, Clarke, Dickenson, Frederick, Shenandoah, Warren, and Wise counties.
No part of this regulation shall be construed to restrict bonafide agronomic plantings (including wildlife food plots) or distribution of food to livestock. Furthermore, all feed must be removed from any feeding site prior to September 1, and any area where feed has been distributed will be considered a “baited” area for 10 days following the complete removal of the food. The prohibitions listed above do not include the planting of agronomic crops or wildlife food plots. (Excerpts taken from pg 45)
Source
Phone: 804-829-6580

44

Washington

State Regulations List: Feeding & Baiting Deer | Washington

There does not appear to be any restrictions concerning baiting or feeding deer.
Source
Phone: 360-902-2936

45

West Virginia

State Regulations List: Feeding & Baiting Deer | West Virginia

"It is illegal to bait or feed any wildlife on public land between September 1 and December 31 and during the spring gobbler seasons. It is also illegal to bait or feed at any time on Beech Fork Lake, Bluestone Lake, Burnsville Lake and McClintic WMAs and on Coopers Rock and Calvin Price State Forests (see pages 27, 29 and 31)." (pg 12)

"It is illegal to bait or feed cervids or other wildlife in a 'Containment Area' ..." (pg 12)

CWD CONTAINMENT AREA "Includes all of Hampshire County, that portion of Hardy County north of Corridor H (US Rt. 48) and/or east of State Route 259 to the Virginia state line, and that portion of Morgan County which lies west of US Rt. 522." (pg 12)

Source
Phone: 304-558-2784

46

Wisconsin

State Regulations List: Feeding & Baiting Deer | Wisconsin

Basically feeding and/or baiting is allowed in certain counties mostly in the north part of the state, but with a 2 gallon limit. See regulation link at bottom for specific information.
Source
Phone: 888-936-7463

47

Wyoming

State Regulations List: Feeding & Baiting Deer | Wyoming

BAITING OF BIG GAME ANIMALS PROHIBITED EXCEPT BY QUALIFIED PERSONS. Any legally blind person, person confined to a wheelchair, person hunting with a permit issued pursuant to W. S. § 23‐3‐304 (d)(iv) or any person hunting with a license issued pursuant to W. S. §23‐1‐705 (j) may place a bait for big game or take a big game animal by the use of bait." (pg 35)
Interpretation: Use of mineral supplements during the growing season does not appear to be restricted.
Source
Phone: 307-777-4600